Released in 1999 and produced by Rick Rubin, Californication was the seventh studio album by Red Hot Chili Peppers.
The album marked the return of John Frusciante, who had previously appeared on Mother’s Milk and Blood Sugar Sex Magik, to replace Dave Navarro as the band’s guitarist. Frusciante’s return was credited with changing the band’s sound altogether, producing a notable shift in style from the previous albums. The album’s subject material incorporated the usual sexual innuendos associated with the band, but also contained more varied themes than previous outings, including lust, death, contemplations of suicide, California, drugs, globalisation, and travel.
‘Californication’ is the Chili Peppers’ most commercially successful studio release internationally, with over 15 million copies sold worldwide, and more than 5 million in the United States alone. The record produced several hits for the band, including “Otherside,” “Californication,” and the Grammy Award-winning “Scar Tissue.”